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    Election Statistics of Pakistan

    1970 General & Provincial Elections

    Pakistan's first general elections were held in 1970 during the Military regime of Yahya Khan. The government claimed that these elections had a high level of public particpation and a turnout of almost 63%.

    Twenty-four political parties participated in the elections. The total number of registered voters in the country was 56,941,500 out of which 31,211,220 were from the Eastern Wing, while 25,730,280 from the Western Wing.

    A total of 1,957 candidates filed nomination papers for 300 National Assembly seats. After scrutiny and withdrawals, 1,579 eventually contested the elections. Awami League ran 170 candidates, of which 162 were for constituencies in East Pakistan. The party that ran the second-highest number of candidates was Jamaat-i-Islami. It filed nomination papers for 151 candidates. The Pakistan Peoples Party ran only 120 candidates, of which 103 were from constituencies in the Punjab and Sindh. The Pakistan Peoples Party had no candidates in East Pakistan. The Convention Muslim League ran 124 candidates, the Council Muslim League 119 and the Qayyum Muslim League 133. The polls in East Pakistan, originally scheduled for October, were delayed by disastrous floods in that region, and rescheduled for December, and in some cases, January.

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    Party Position 1970 Elections

    Seats and percentage of total vote polled

    Party

    Punjab

    Sind

    NWFP

    Baluch istan

    West

    East

    Total

    Awami League

    0 (0.07%)

    0 (0.07%)

    0 (0.2%)

    0 (1.0%)

    0

    160 (74.9%)

    160 (38.3%)

    Pakistan Peoples Party

    62(41.6%)

    18(44.9%)

    1(14.2%)

    0 (2.3%)

    81

    0

    81 (19.5%)

    PML (Q)

    1(5.4%)

    1(10.7%)

    7(22.6%)

    0(10.9%)

    9

    0(1.0%)

    9 (4.5%)

    PML Convention

    7(5.1%)

    0(1.7%)

    0

    0

    7

    0(2.8%)

    7(3.3%)

    Jamiat e Ulema Islam

    0(5.2%)

    0(4.3%)

    6(25.4%)

    1(20.0%)

    7

    0(0.9%)

    7(4.0%)

    Markazi Jamiat Ulema Pakistan

    4(9.8%)

    3(7.4%)

    0(0%)

    0

    7

    0

    7 (4.0%)

    National Awami Party(Wali)

    0

    0(0.3%)

    3(18.4%)

    3(45.1%)

    6

    0(1.8%)

    6(2.3%)

    Jamaat e Islami

    1(4.7%)

    2(10.3%)

    1(7.2%)

    0(1.1%)

    4

    0(6.0%)

    4(6.0%)

    PML (Council)

    2(12.6%)

    0(6.8%)

    0(4.0%)

    0(10.9%)

    2

    0(1.6%)

    2 (6.0%)

    PDP

    0(2.2%)

    0(0.04%)

    0(0.3%)

    0(0.3%)

    0

    1(2.2%)

    1(2.9%)

    Independents

    5(11.8%)

    3(10.7%)

    7(6.0%)

    0(6.8%)

    15

    1(3.4%)

    16(7.1%)

    Total seats

    82

    27

    25

    4

    138

    162

    300

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    Provincial Party Position 1970 Elections

    Party

    Punjab

    Sind

    NWFP

    Baluchistan

    West Pakistan

    East Pakistan

    Total

    Awami League

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    288

    288

    Pakistan Peoples Party

    113

    28

    3

    0

    144

    0

    8

    PML (Qayyum)

    6

    5

    10

    3

    24

    0

    24

    PML (Convention)

    15

    4

    1

    0

    21

    1

    22

    JUI

    2

    0

    4

    2

    8

    0

    8

    MJUP

    4

    7

    0

    0

    11

    0

    11

    NAP(W)

    0

    0

    13

    8

    21

    1

    22

    JI

    1

    1

    1

    0

    3

    1

    4

    PML (Council)

    6

    0

    2

    0

    8

    0

    8

    PDP

    4

    0

    0

    0

    4

    2

    6

    Others

    1

    1

    0

    2

    4

    1

    5

    Ind

    28

    14

    6

    5

    53

    7

    60

    Total seats

    180

    60

    40

    20

    300

    300

    600

    The Awami League emerged as the single largest party in the National Assembly by winning 160 seats in the National Assembly. It won 288 of the 300 East Pakistan Assembly seats. However, the party won no seats in the four Provincial Assemblies of West Pakistan. The Pakistan Peoples Party won 81 of 138 West Pakistan seats in the National Assembly. The party also performed well in the Provincial Assembly polls of the Punjab and Sindh Assemblies.

    In these elections, the so-called "rightist" parties were said to be completely routed, perhaps because of the division of votes among several candidates on almost every seat: the Qayyum Muslim League, Council Muslim League, Convention Muslim League, Jamiyat-i-Ulema-i-Islam, Jamiyat-i-Ulema-i-Pakistan and Jamaat-i-Islami combined won only 37 National Assembly seats. The National Awami Party and Jamiyat-i-Ulema-i-Islam emerged as the prominent parties in the N.W.F.P and Baluchistan Assemblies.

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    1977 General Elections

    On January 7, 1977, Prime Minister Bhutto announced snap elections, and the general elections to the provincial and national assemblies were held on March 7 and 10 1977, respectively. To many, the quick election date idea was arranged as not to give sufficient time to the opposition in order to make decisions and arrangements for the forthcoming elections. The total registered voters in the country were 30,899,052.

    On January 11 1977, all major and some minor opposition parties had cobbled together an electoral alliance, the Pakistan National Alliance (PNA), to contest elections against Bhutto’s PPP.

    The official turnout figure was 63 percent – if 19 uncontested seats were discounted, the turnout was 80 percent (the PNA boycotted the Balochistan elections because of the at the time ongoing military operation). The PPP won 58.1 percent of all the votes that were cast, and 136 of the 173 contested NA seats. The PNA won only 35.1 per cent of the vote and 36 seats. PPP had already won 19 NA seats unopposed including the home seat of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto in Larkana. The PNA levelled allegations of massive rigging in the polling and boycotted the provincial elections

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    Seats Won in the 1977 Elections

    Party

    Punjab

    Sind

    NWFP

    Baluc histan

    Islamabad

    Tribal Areas

    Total

    Pakistan Peoples Party

    107 (93%)

    32 (74%)

    8 (31%)

    7 (100%)

    1 (100%)

    0

    115 (77.5%)

    Pakistan National Alliance

    8 (7%)

    11 (26%)

    17 (65%)

    0

    0

    0

    36 (18%)

    Independent

    0

    0

    1 (4%)

    0

    0

    8 (100%)

    9(4.5%)

    Total Seats

    115

    43

    26

    7

    1

    8

    200

    Top

     

    Pakistan 1988 Legislative Election

    Chamber

    National Assembly

    Date of Election

    November 16, 1988

    Type of Electoral System

    Majority

    Number of Seats Available

    237 *

    Length of Legislative Term

    2 years

    Number of Seats

    Percentage of Votes

    Muslim Seats

    Pakistan People's Party (PPP)

    92

    -

    Islam-e-Jamhoori Ittehad (IJI - Islamic Democratic Alliance)

    55

    -

    Muhajir Qaumi Mahaz (MQM - Muhajir National Movement)

    13

    -

    Jamiat-ul-Ulema-e-Islam (JUI - Assembly of Islamic Clerty)

    8

    -

    Awami National Party (ANP)

    3

    -

    Pakistan Awami Ittehad (PAI - Pakistan People's Alliance)

    3

    -

    Baluchistan National Alliance (BNA)

    2

    -

    National People's Party (NPP)

    1

    -

    Pakistan Democratic Party (PDP)

    1

    -

    Independents

    27

    -

    Vacant

    2 **

    -

    Non-Muslim Seats

    Pakistan People's Party (PPP)

    10

    -

    Women Seats

    Pakistan People's Party (PPP)

    12

    -

    Islam-e-Jamhoori Ittehad (IJI - Islamic Democratic Alliance)

    5

    -

    Muhajir Qaumi Mahaz (MQM - Muhajir National Movement)

    1

    -

    Jamiat-ul-Ulema-e-Islam (JUI - Assembly of Islamic Clerty)

    1

    -

    Independent

    1

    -

    217 seats (207 Muslim, 10 non-Muslim) were filled by direct election, with 20 reserved for women chosen by the elected members.

     

    Population Size

    105 409 000

    Registered Voters

    46 194 417

    Total Votes

    19 902 706

    Vote/Registered Voter

    43.1%

    Spoilt Ballots

    1.5%

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    Pakistan 1990 Legislative Election

    Chamber

    National Assembly

    Date of Election

    October 24 and 27, 1990

    Type of Electoral System

    Majority

    Number of Seats Available

    237 *

    Length of Legislative Term

    5 years

    Number of the Seats **

    Percentage of Votes

    Islam-e-Jamhoori Ittehad (IJI - Islamic Democratic Alliance)

    105

    -

    People's Democratic Alliance (PDA)

    45

    -

    Mujajir Qaumi Mahaz (MQM - Muhajir National Movement)

    15

    -

    Awami National Party (ANP)

    6

    -

    Assembly of Islamic Clergy (JUI - Assembly of Islamic Clerty)

    6

    -

    Others

    8

    -

    Independents

    21

    -

    Vacant

    1 ***

    -

    * 217 seats (207 Muslim, 10 non-Muslim) were filled by direct election, with 20 reserved for women chosen by elected members.
    ** election results of Muslim seats only.
    *** Voting in one constituency was deferred because of the death of a candidate.

    Population Size

    112 049 000

    Registered Voters

    47 065 330

    Total Votes

    21 395 476

    Vote/Registered Voter

    45.5%

    Spoilt Ballots

    1.1%

    Top

     

     

    Pakistan 1993 Legislative Election

     

     

    Chamber

    National Assembly

    Dates of Election

    October 24 and 27, 1990

    Type of Electoral System

    Majority

    Number of Seats Available

    237 *

    Length of Legislative Term

    5 years

    Number of the Seats **

    Percentage of Votes

    Pakistan People's Party (PPP)

    86

    -

    Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N)

    73

    -

    Pakistan Muslim League-Junejo (PML-J)

    6

    -

    Islamic Jamhoori Mahaz (IJM)

    3

    -

    Awami National Party (ANP)

    3

    -

    Muttahida Deeni Mahaz (MDM)

    3

    -

    Pakhtoon Khawah Milli Awami Party (PKMAP)

    3

    -

    Pakistan Islamic Front (PIF)

    3

    -

    Jamhoori Watan Party (JWP)

    2

    -

    Baluchistan National Movement-Hai (BNM-H)

    1

    -

    Baluchistan National Movement-Mengal (BNM-M)

    1

    -

    National Democratic Alliance (NDA)

    1

    -

    National People's Party (NPP)

    1

    -

    Pakhtoon Khawah Quami Party (PKQP)

    1

    -

    Independents

    15

    -

    Vacant

    5

    -

    * 217 seats (207 Muslim, 10 non-Muslim) were filled by direct election, with 20 reserved for women chosen by elected members.
    ** Election results of Muslim seats only.

    Population Size

    122 802 000

    Registered Voters

    55 000 000

    Total Votes

    22 550 000

    Vote/Registered Voter

    41.0%

    Spoilt Ballots

    -

     

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    Pakistan 1997 Legislative Election

    Chamber

    National Assembly

    Date of Election

    February 3, 1997

    Type of Electoral System

    Majority

    Number of Seats Available

    237 *

    Length of Legistative Term

    5 years

    Number of the Seats **

    Percentage of Votes

    Pakistan Muslim League -Nawaz (PML-N)

    137

    -

    Pakistan People's Party (PPP)

    18

    -

    Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM - Nationalist People's Movement) / Haq Parast Group

    12

    -

    Awami National Party (ANP)

    10

    -

    Baluchistan National Party (BNP)

    3

    -

    Jamilat-ul-Ulema-e-Islam (Fazlur Group) (JUI-F - Assembly of Islamic Clergy)

    2

    -

    Jamhoori Watan Party (JWP)

    2

    -

    Pakistan People's Party (Shaheed Bhutto faction) (PPP-SB)

    1

    -

    National People's Party (NPP)

    1

    -

    Independents

    21

    -

    * 217 seats (207 Muslim, 10 non-Muslim) were filled by direct election, with 20 reserved for women chosen by elected members.
    ** Election results of Muslim seats only.

    Population Size

    137 649 330

    Registered Voters

    54 189 534

    Total Votes

    19 058 131

    Vote/Registered Voter

    35.2%

    Spoilt Ballots

    2.3%

     

     

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    Pakistan 2002 Legislative Election

    Chamber

    National Assembly

    Date of Election

    October 20, 2002

    Type of Electoral System

    Majority

    Number of Seats Available

    342 *

    Length of Legistative Term

    5 years

    Number of the Seats #

    Percentage of Votes #

    Pakistan People's Party Parliamentarians (PPPP)

    80

    28.42%

    Pakistan Muslim League-Quaid-e-Azam (PML-Q)

    118

    26.3%

    Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal Pakistan (MMA)

    59

    12.28%

    Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N)

    18

    12.71%

    National Alliance (NA)

    16

    0.49%

    Sindh Democratic Alliance

    -

    -

    Millat Party (MP)

    -

    -

    Others

    -

    -

    Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM - Nationalist People's Movement)

    13

    3.1%

    Pakistan Muslim League-Functional (PML-F)

    4

    1.1%

    Pakistan Muslim League-Junejo (PML-J)

    2

    0.7%

    Pakistan People's Party-Sherpao (PPPS)

    2

    0.3%

    Tehrik-e-Insaaf (Justice Movement)

    1

    0.8%

    Pakistan Awami Tehrik (PAT - Pakistan People's Movement)

    1

    0.7%

    Jamhoori Watan Party (JWP)

    1

    0.3%

    Pakistan Muslim League-Zia-ul-Haz-Shaheed (PML-Z)

    1

    0.3%

    Pakistan Democratic Party (PDP)

    1

    0.3%

    Baluchistan National Party (BNP)

    1

    0.2%

    Independents

    21

    14.1%

    *272 members were elected in single seat constituencies; 10 seats for minorities and 60 reserved for women nominated by political parties in accordance to their share of National Assembly seats.

     

    Population Size

    -

    Registered Voters

    71 358 040

    Total Votes

    29 829 463

    Vote/Registered Voter

    41.80%

    Spoilt Ballots

    2.6%

    Top

       
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